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16 CIFOR Metrics with Target Ranges (See new metrics entry tool below!)

Development of Target Ranges for Selected Performance Measures in the CIFOR Guidelines  CIFOR recently conducted an assessment of the many performance indicators in Chapter 8 of the CIFOR Guidelines to identify a subset of indicators for which sufficient data existed to develop specific metrics and target ranges. CIFOR believes that these target ranges can assist agencies in evaluating their public health performance and effectiveness in foodborne disease surveillance and outbreak detection, investigation and control activities. Standardized performance criteria and metrics promote a common understanding of the key elements of these activities and can facilitate training of staff and allow for the aggregation of data to evaluate program effectiveness and identify specific needs for improvement. The 16 selected CIFOR performance indicators are:

  • Foodborne illness complaint reporting system
  • Outbreaks detected from complaints
  • Foodborne illness outbreak rate
  • Confirmed cases with exposure history obtained
  • Isolate/CIDT-positive clinical specimen submissions to PHL
  • PFGE subtyping of isolates
  • Isolate/CIDT-positive clinical specimen submission interval
  • Isolate subtyping interval
  • PHEP E. coli O157 and Listeria subtyping interval
  • Outbreak clinical specimen collections
  • Cluster investigation interval
  • Complaint investigation interval
  • Cluster source identification
  • Outbreak etiology reported to NORS
  • Outbreak vehicle reported to NORS
  • Outbreak contributing factor reported to NORS

The document that describes the process CIFOR used to select the final 16 indicators and develop associated metrics and target ranges is called "The Development of Target Ranges for Selected Performance Measures in the CIFOR Guidelines". The document is available through these links:

CIFOR Metrics Entry Tool for 16 CIFOR Metrics with Target Ranges

In collaboration with the Minnesota Integrated Food Safety Center of Excellence (CoE) and CoE Metrics Work Group, and through a contract managed by the Association of Public Health Laboratories (APHL), CIFOR has developed C-MET, a tool that allows officials from states and large cities/counties to anonymously enter their metrics data annually in order to measure progress over time. C-MET will also enable these officials to compare their data with aggregated data from other C-MET users for each of the metrics. The public will have access to aggregated data for each metric. A limited number of database administrators will have access to data stratified by population category, geographic region, participation in various food safety programs, and type of jurisdiction (e.g. local or state). This analysis will help identify nationwide gaps which can guide development of additional training, resources, and tools to improve foodborne illness surveillance and outbreak response efforts.

Questions or concerns regarding anonymity and/or data sharing can be directed to CIFOR staff at

For more information on the CIFOR Metrics Project, please contact Thuy Kim, CSTE at 770-458-3811 or